Barclay, Robert

   A Scotsman, Barclay was educated in Paris. He joined the Society of Friends (Quakers) in 1667. He was the author of several works of Quaker theology, including A Catechism and Confession of Faith, the Anarchy of the Ranters and An Apology for the True Christian Religion, being as Explanation and Vindication of the People Called Quakers. He was imprisoned on several occasions for his convictions, but in 1677 he became a favourite of the Duke of York, who was to become King James II. As a result of his influence, the colony of East New Jersey in America was handed over to the Friends as a refuge from persecution. Barclay himself was appointed Governor, although he never crossed the Atlantic Ocean. He is chiefly remembered for his pacifist ideals, which have remained an important hallmark of the Society.
   E. Russell, The History of Quakerism (1943);
   D.E. Trueblood, Robert Barclay (1943).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barclay, Robert — (c. 1648 1690)    early Quaker apologist    Robert Barclay was born around 1648 at Gordons town, Morayshire, Scotland. Sent by his father to study in France, Barclay almost became a Roman Catholic, but eventually he joined his father in adhering… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Barclay, Robert — ▪ Scottish Quaker leader born Dec. 23, 1648, Gordonstoun, Moray, Scot. died Oct. 3, 1690, Ury, Aberdeen       Quaker leader whose Apology for the True Christian Divinity (1678) became a standard statement of Quaker doctrines. His friendship with… …   Universalium

  • Barclay, Robert — SUBJECT AREA: Paper and printing [br] b. c.1833 d. November 1876 [br] English inventor of the offset method in printing. [br] Barclay, a member of the celebrated banking family, ran a printing business in the City of London in partnership with… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Barclay, Robert H. —    Born in Scotland. Took part in the battle of Trafalgar. Sent to Canada, and commander of British naval force on Lake Erie in 1813. On Sept. 10, 1813, defeated by the American fleet under Perry. Subsequently court martialled, but acquitted.… …   The makers of Canada

  • Barclay, Robert — (1648 1690)    Apologist of the Quakers, s. of Col. David B. of Ury, ed. at the Scots Coll. in Paris, of which his uncle was Rector, made such progress in study as to gain the admiration of his teachers, specially of his uncle, who offered to… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Robert Barclay — (December 23, 1648 – October 3, 1690), one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Religious Society of Friends and a member of the Clan Barclay. He was also governor of the East Jersey colony in North America through most of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Heriot Barclay — (* 18. September 1786 in Kettle, Schottland; † 8. Mai 1837 in Edinburgh) war ein britischer Marineoffizier der Napoleonischen Kriege und des Kriegs von 1812 mit den Vereinigten Staaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Barclay [3] — Barclay, Robert. Schotte, geb. 1648, wurde in Paris katholisch, später Quäker, durch seine Schriften Apologet dieser Sekte; sie genießen bei ihr fast das Ansehen symbolischer Bücher; B. st. 1690 …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Barclay Fox — Robert Barclay Fox (September 6,1817 March 10,1855), businessman, gardener and diarist, a member of the influential Quaker Fox family of Falmouth. Family relationships He was the son of Robert Were Fox F.R.S. of Falmouth in Cornwall and Maria… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Charlebois — Surnom Garou le fou Naissance 25 juin 1944 (1944 06 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

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