Barclay, Robert

(1648–90)
   Theologian.
   A Scotsman, Barclay was educated in Paris. He joined the Society of Friends (Quakers) in 1667. He was the author of several works of Quaker theology, including A Catechism and Confession of Faith, the Anarchy of the Ranters and An Apology for the True Christian Religion, being as Explanation and Vindication of the People Called Quakers. He was imprisoned on several occasions for his convictions, but in 1677 he became a favourite of the Duke of York, who was to become King James II. As a result of his influence, the colony of East New Jersey in America was handed over to the Friends as a refuge from persecution. Barclay himself was appointed Governor, although he never crossed the Atlantic Ocean. He is chiefly remembered for his pacifist ideals, which have remained an important hallmark of the Society.
   E. Russell, The History of Quakerism (1943);
   D.E. Trueblood, Robert Barclay (1943).

Who’s Who in Christianity . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Barclay, Robert H. —    Born in Scotland. Took part in the battle of Trafalgar. Sent to Canada, and commander of British naval force on Lake Erie in 1813. On Sept. 10, 1813, defeated by the American fleet under Perry. Subsequently court martialled, but acquitted.… …   The makers of Canada

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  • Robert Barclay — (December 23, 1648 – October 3, 1690), one of the most eminent writers belonging to the Religious Society of Friends and a member of the Clan Barclay. He was also governor of the East Jersey colony in North America through most of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Heriot Barclay — (* 18. September 1786 in Kettle, Schottland; † 8. Mai 1837 in Edinburgh) war ein britischer Marineoffizier der Napoleonischen Kriege und des Kriegs von 1812 mit den Vereinigten Staaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Barclay Fox — Robert Barclay Fox (September 6,1817 March 10,1855), businessman, gardener and diarist, a member of the influential Quaker Fox family of Falmouth. Family relationships He was the son of Robert Were Fox F.R.S. of Falmouth in Cornwall and Maria… …   Wikipedia

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